Surgical Curettage, sometimes referred to as pocket reduction surgery or osseous surgery or gingivectomy, refers to a number of different surgeries aimed at gaining access to the tooth roots and even the underlying bone to remove tartar and disease-causing bacteria.
As discussed under the root planing tab above, in cases of more advanced periodontitis “gum disease” surgical therapy is required to allow access to the infection deep under the gums and into the underlying bone.
This procedure primarily provides access for your periodontist to go deep under your gums and remove any residual infection that has infected your bone.
It also allows your periodontist the opportunity to modify your tooth roots and eliminate any local contributing factors to your condition.
Another advantage this treatment has is access for the patient. As you will be shown on your radiographs during your initial consultation appointment, there are black triangles between your teeth where bone has been lost due to the infection and is currently filled by infected granulation tissue blocking you from accessing and cleaning the spaces between your teeth. This procedure will also allow the periodontist the opportunity to remove this infected non-functional granulation tissue, making these holes more accessible to the patient to be able to clean on a regular basis daily.
Once all the infection is removed your periodontist will close your gums back together more tightly snug around the base of your teeth allowing them to adapt closely and prevent bugs from getting back underneath them. This will also provide the patient with access they didn’t have previously from getting in-between their teeth to clean regularly.
Goals of Osseous Surgery
Osseous surgery is used to reshape deformities and remove pockets in the alveolar bone surrounding the teeth. It is a common necessity in effective treatment of more advanced periodontal diseases. The ultimate goal of osseous surgery is to reduce or eliminate the periodontal pockets that cause periodontal disease. Despite the word “surgery” the procedure is reported to feel more like a thorough cleaning.
The specific goals of osseous surgery include:
- Reducing Bacterial Spread:
Bacteria from the mouth can spread throughout the body and cause other life-threatening conditions such as heart disease and respiratory disease. Removing deep tartar and thereby bacteria can help reduce the risk of bacteria spreading.
- Preventing Bone Loss:
The immune system’s inflammatory response prompted by periodontal bacteria can lead to bone loss in the jaw region, and cause teeth to fall out. Osseous surgery seeks to stop periodontal disease before it progresses to this level.
- Enhancing the Smile:
Mouths plagued with periodontal disease are often unsightly. Brown gums, rotting teeth, and ridge indentations can leave a person feeling depressed and too self-conscious to smile. Fortunately, osseous surgery can help reduce bacteria and disease and thereby restore your mouth to its former radiance, while restoring confidence at the same time.
- Facilitating Home Care:
As the gum pocket deepens, it can become nearly impossible to brush and floss adequately. Osseous surgery reduces pocket size, making it easier to brush and floss, and thereby prevent further periodontal disease.
What does osseous surgery entail?
A local anesthetic will be used to numb the area prior to surgery. First, Drs. Kiarash or Behmanesh will cut around each tooth of the affected area to release the gum tissue from the bone. This allows access to the bone and roots of the teeth. After the roots have been thoroughly cleaned through scaling, a drill and hand tools will be used to reshape the bone around the teeth. Bone is removed in some areas to restore the normal rise and fall of the bone, but at a lower level. Bone grafting may also be necessary to fill in large defects.
Next, the gums will be placed back over the remaining bone and suture them in place. The site will also be covered with a bandage (periodontal pack) or dressing. Pain medicine and mouth rinses containing chlorhexidine are generally prescribed following the surgery.
Do not be alarmed if bleeding and swelling occur after the surgery. This can be controlled easily by placing an ice pack on the outside of the affected area. In cases where the bleeding and swelling is in excess, it is advised that you call to notify our office. Several follow up visits may be necessary and you must fulfill a meticulous maintenance program especially during the initial phases of healing to avoid post-operative infection.
These procedure are very routine and are typically performed simply with local anesthesia in our office and patient can return to work the next day.
In cases where the patient has dental anxiety, the procedure can be provided under IV sedation for your comfort. In these cases you will need to be accompanied to your appointment with an adult to take you home after the procedure.